Everything about ACL injuries

The anterior cruciate ligament, is a ligament in the human knee which is responsible for restraining force to tibia displacement of the knee flexion. It plays an important part in the body and any sort of injury can greatly reduce the quality of life of a person. That is why we want to discuss the main causes and symptoms of ACL injuries, as well as treatment methods, to give you additional information on this widespread trauma.

Symptoms of ACL injuries 

When you experience the injury you may hear a ‘popping’ sound and feel a tearing inside the knee, followed by many complications. It is impossible to continue activities, so most people will immediately see that something’s wrong.

Within the next 24 hours your knee will swell and cause you severe pain. If not treated the swelling may disappear, but it will definitely appear again during further activity, causing more serious damage. You will also lose full motion, feel discomfort during walking and experience tenderness on the joint line.

Diagnosis and Treatment 

When you consult the doctor for the first time, you should describe all of your symptoms and previous medical history. Your knee will be carefully examined and compared to the non-injured one. Make sure that you choose an orthopaedic surgeon with a profound knowledge and experience. Imagine how important it is to entrust your ability to walk to a qualified specialist. For example, leading surgeons of our hospital have seventeen and thirty years of experience in general orthopaedics, ten and eighteen years in specific operations.

For some patients nonsurgical treatment can be a way out if they want to avoid surgery, although they should remember that only an operation can help a torn ACL heal.

Surgical treatment is indicated in most cases, when patients are active and participate in sports or jobs, which require lots of manual work and movements. It is also indicated when patients feel that their knee is unstable or when they have combined injuries (around half of ACL injuries happen together with injuries of other knee parts).

What you should remember
1. Your surgeon won’t perform surgery immediately if there are no urgent indications. He might wait for a few weeks until the swelling reduces and the knee retrieves full mobility.
2. You may need crutches or a brace after surgery. Make sure that there will be someone to help and assist you during the first few days.
3. Make sure that you follow all the recommendations. They will minimize the complications such as infection, bleeding or stiffness.

ACL reconstruction is an effective way to treat the ligament and active people might find it the only option to lead the habitual way of life. Rehabilitation duration greatly depends on following the recommendation and may take from 6 to 12 months.

Don’t hesitate to entrust your problem to an experienced surgeon, who will answer all your questions and worries.